# Questions tagged [r]

Use this tag for any *on-topic* question that (a) involves R either as a critical part of the question or expected answer, & (b) is not *just* about how to use R.

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### Calculating the parameters of a Beta distribution using the mean and variance

How can I calculate the $\alpha$ and $\beta$ parameters for a Beta distribution if I know the mean and variance that I want the distribution to have? Examples of an R command to do this would be most ...
118k views

### How to statistically compare two time series?

I have two time series, shown in the plot below: The plot is showing the full detail of both time series, but I can easily reduce it to just the coincident observations if needed. My question is: ...
25k views

### Interpreting plot of residuals vs. fitted values from Poisson regression

I am trying to fit data with a GLM (poisson regression) in R. When I plotted the residuals vs the fitted values, the plot created multiple (almost linear with a slight concave curve) "lines". What ...
83k views

### Transforming variables for multiple regression in R

I am trying to perform a multiple regression in R. However, my dependent variable has the following plot: Here is a scatterplot matrix with all my variables (...
55k views

### Test a significant difference between two slope values

The data I have are a regression slope value of y~time, a standard error, an n value and a p value, for a particular species in two different areas. I want to check whether the the regression slope ...
57k views

### Post hoc test after ANOVA with repeated measures using R

I have performed a repeated measures ANOVA in R, as follows: aov_velocity = aov(Velocity ~ Material + Error(Subject/(Material)), data=scrd) summary(aov_velocity) ...
27k views

### R package for Weighted Random Forest? classwt option?

I'm trying to use Random Forest to predict the outcome of an extremely imbalanced data set (the minority class rate is about only 1% or even less). Because the traditional Random Forest algorithm ...
14k views

### Why does logistic regression become unstable when classes are well-separated?

Why is it that logistic regression becomes unstable when classes are well-separated? What does well-separated classes mean? I would really appreciate if someone can explain with an example.
45k views

### Free resources for learning R

I'm interested in learning R on the cheap. What's the best free resource/book/tutorial for learning R?
70k views

### Multivariate multiple regression in R

I have 2 dependent variables (DVs) each of whose score may be influenced by the set of 7 independent variables (IVs). DVs are continuous, while the set of IVs consists of a mix of continuous and ...
47k views

### Which variance inflation factor should I be using: $\text{GVIF}$ or $\text{GVIF}^{1/(2\cdot\text{df})}$?

I'm trying to interpret variance inflation factors using the vif function in the R package car. The function prints both a ...
30k views

### How to use both binary and continuous variables together in clustering?

I need to use binary variables (values 0 & 1) in k-means. But k-means only works with continuous variables. I know some people still use these binary variables in k-means ignoring the fact that k-...
48k views

### How to simulate artificial data for logistic regression?

I know I'm missing something in my understanding of logistic regression, and would really appreciate any help. As far as I understand it, the logistic regression assumes that the probability of a '1' ...
50k views

130k views

### Logistic regression model does not converge

I've got some data about airline flights (in a data frame called flights) and I would like to see if the flight time has any effect on the probability of a ...
13k views

### Polynomial contrasts for regression

I cannot understand the usage of polynomial contrasts in regression fitting. In particular, I am referring to an encoding used by R in order to express an interval ...
12k views

### Visualizing a million, PCA edition

Is it possible to visualize the output of Principal Component Analysis in ways that give more insight than just summary tables? Is it possible to do it when the number of observations is large, say ~...
46k views

### Fit a sinusoidal term to data

Although I read this post, I still have no idea how to apply this to my own data and hope that someone can help me out. I have the following data: ...
59k views

### Dealing with singular fit in mixed models

Let's say we have a model ...
50k views

### Test for bimodal distribution

I wonder if there is any statistical test to "test" the significance of a bimodal distribution. I mean, How much my data meets the bimodal distribution or not? If so, is there any test in the R ...
30k views

### Estimate ARMA coefficients through ACF and PACF inspection

How do you estimate the appropriate forecast model for a time series by visual inspection of the ACF and PACF plots? Which one (i.e., ACF or PACF) tells the AR or the MA (or do they both)? Which part ...
56k views

### Understanding dummy (manual or automated) variable creation in GLM

If a factor variable (e.g. gender with levels M and F) is used in the glm formula, dummy variable(s) are created, and can be found in the glm model summary along with their associated coefficients (e....
6k views

### Fitting SIR model with 2019-nCoV data doesn't conververge

I am trying to calculate the basic reproduction number $R_0$ of the new 2019-nCoV virus by fitting a SIR model to the current data. My code is based on https://arxiv.org/pdf/1605.01931.pdf, p. 11ff: <...
6k views

### Dealing with new Factor Levels in a Regression in R

I originally posted this in stackoverflow (as given here) but was told to try here since it might be more relevant here. I am very new to statistics and R in general so my question might be a bit dumb,...
62k views

### Mixed Effects Model with Nesting

I have data collected from an experiment organized as follows: Two sites, each with 30 trees. 15 are treated, 15 are control at each site. From each tree, we sample three pieces of the stem, and ...
51k views

### Interpreting interaction terms in logit regression with categorical variables

I have data from a survey experiment in which respondents were randomly assigned to one of four groups: ...
24k views

### Why do I get zero variance of a random effect in my mixed model, despite some variation in the data?

We’ve run a mixed effects logistic regression using the following syntax; ...
14k views

### Backward selection for Cox model using R

I want to perform an exploratory Cox regression analysis of medical data using R. I am practicing using the pbc data from the survival function. Would you recommend performing a backward selection ...
7k views

### Generating correlated binomial random variables

I was wondering if it might be possible to generate correlated random binomial variables following a linear transformation approach? Below, I tried something simple in ...
3k views

### Generate normally distributed random numbers with non positive-definite covariance matrix

I estimated the sample covariance matrix $C$ of a sample and get a symmetric matrix. With $C$, I would like to create $n$-variate normal distributed r.n. but therefore I need the Cholesky ...
15k views

### Cross-correlation significance in R

How do you tell if the correlations at different lags obtained from the cross-correlation (ccf function) of two time series are significant.
I tried a regression in the form ${\rm logit}(Y) = {\rm coefficient}\times X + 0 + e$, where $Y$ is a binomial variable and $X$ is a factor variable with $n$ levels. I noticed that removing the ...