# Questions tagged [random-matrix]

A random matrix is a matrix whose entries consist of random variables from some specified distribution. Random matrices have many modern applications in physics, finance, statistics and numerical analysis.

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### (Co)Variance of a random matrix

The expected value $\mathbb{E}[\mathbf{x}]$ of a random vector $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times 1}$ is the vector of the expected values of each individual random variable $\mathbf{x}$ contains. ...
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### Why linear transformation can improve classification accuracy when the dimensionality of data is high?

Let $X$ be an $m\times n$ ($m$: number of records, and $n$: number of attributes) dataset. When the number of attributes $n$ is large and the dataset $X$ is noisy, classification gets more ...
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### Generating random variables satisfying constraints

I need to generate a list of random variables $\bf{x}$ subject to constraints that can be expressed in the form $\bf{E}x=b$ where $\bf{E}$ is an $m \times n$ matrix if $\bf{x}$ has $n$ entries. In ...
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### Generating random matrices with sum and maximality constraints

I'd like to generate a random square matrix such that the rows are normalized to one and the diagonal elements are the maximum of their column. If there an efficient way to sample these matrices ...
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### Generation of orthogonal matrices “close” to identity

Suppose I want to generate a $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix $H$ (that is, $H^T H=I$) but with the property that $1-e < (tr H)/n < 1+e$ for some pre-specified tolerance $e$. How can I do this? ...
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### Generating random matrices with specific equality constraints

Suppose I want to generate a nonnegative $n \times n$ matrix $\mathbf A$ for an odd $n$ (say, $n=5$ for a good enough example), such that the individual elements are drawn from a uniform distribution ...
I need to generate random non-square matrices with $R$ rows and $C$ columns, elements randomly distributed with mean = 0, and constrained such that the length (L2 norm) of each row is $1$ and the ...
Suppose I have an $N\times N$ covariance matrix that describes a multivariate normal joint distribution. Now take 100,000 draws of the covariance matrix. I measure the variance of values for each ...