# Questions tagged [standard-error]

Refers to the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of a statistic calculated from a sample. Standard errors are often required when forming confidence intervals or testing hypotheses about the population from which the statistic was sampled.

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### Intuitive explanation for dividing by $n-1$ when calculating standard deviation?

I was asked today in class why you divide the sum of square error by $n-1$ instead of with $n$, when calculating the standard deviation. I said I am not going to answer it in class (since I didn't ...
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### How are the standard errors of coefficients calculated in a regression?

For my own understanding, I am interested in manually replicating the calculation of the standard errors of estimated coefficients as, for example, come with the output of the ...
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### Difference between standard error and standard deviation

I'm struggling to understand the difference between the standard error and the standard deviation. How are they different and why do you need to measure the standard error?
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### Shape of confidence interval for predicted values in linear regression

I have noticed that the confidence interval for predicted values in a linear regression tends to be narrow around the mean of the predictor and fat around the minimum and maximum values of the ...
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### Adding coefficients to obtain interaction effects - what to do with SEs?

I have a multivariate regression, which includes interactions. For example, to get the estimate of the treatment effect for the poorest quintile I need to add the coefficients from the treatment ...
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### Extract standard errors of coefficient linear regression R [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I reference a regression model's coefficient's standard errors? If I have a dataset: ...
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### Follow up: In a mixed within-between ANOVA plot estimated SEs or actual SEs?

I am currently finishing a paper and stumbled upon this question from yesterday which led me to pose the same question to myself. Is it better to provide my graph with the actual standard error from ...
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### Calculate Newey-West standard errors without an lm object in R

I asked this question yesterday on StackOverflow, and got an answer, but we agreed that it seems a bit hackish and there may be a better way to look at it. The question: I would like calculate the ...
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### Standard errors of a two stage least squares regression, Stata

I use Stata. I am trying to replicate the ivreg output of a regression performing manually the first stage, predicting the instrument after the first stage and running the second stage regression with ...
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### Why is the standard error of a proportion, for a given $n$, largest for $p=0.5$?

The standard error of a proportion will be the largest it can be for a given $N$ when the proportion in question is $p=0.5$, and gets smaller the further the proportion is from $0.5$. I can see why ...
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### How do you calculate the standard error of $R^2$

I would like to confirm something. I know that $R^2$ (in a linear regression) can be found by taking the square of Pearson's $r$. The standard error of Pearson's $r$ is calculated using the ...
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### Is it correct to use plus or minus symbol before standard deviation?

I have represented standard deviation as "±SD" before in publications. But I like to have opinions on this. Is it appropriate to use the notation '±' with SD ? Or is it only for Standard error ?
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### How to calculate the standard error of a proportion using weighted data?

I know the "textbook" estimate of the standard error of a proportion is $SE=\sqrt{\frac{p(1-p)}{n}}$, but does this hold up when the data are weighted?
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