A tag is a keyword or label that categorizes your question with other, similar questions. Using the right tags makes it easier for others to find and answer your question.
for any *on-topic* question that (a) involves `R` either as a critical part of the question or expected answer, & (b) is not *just* about how to use `R`.
Techniques for analyzing the relationship between one (or more) "dependent" variables and "independent" variables.
Machine learning algorithms build a model of the training data. The term "machine learning" is vaguely defined; it includes what is also called statistical learning, reinforcement learning, unsupervis…
data observed over time (either in continuous time or at discrete time periods).
A probability provides a quantitative description of the likely occurrence of a particular event.
inconsistent with a given hypothesis rather than being an effect of random fluctuations.
A routine exercise from a textbook, course, or test used for a class or self-study. This community's policy is to "provide helpful hints" for such questions rather than complete answers.
a mathematical description of probabilities or frequencies.
Refers generally to statistical procedures that utilize the logistic function, most commonly various forms of logistic regression
a method of statistical inference that relies on treating the model parameters as random variables and applying Bayes' theorem to deduce subjective probability statements about t…
the problem of identifying the sub-population to which new observations belong, where the identity of the sub-population is unknown, on the basis of a training set of dat…
composed of 'neurons' - programming constructs that mimic the properties of biological neurons. A set of weighted connections between the neurons allows informati…
A measure of the degree of linear association among a pair of variables.
Statistical significance refers to the probability that, if, in the population from which this sample were drawn the true effect were 0 (or some hypothesized value) a test statistic as extreme or more…
Mathematical theory of statistics, concerned with formal definitions and general results.
The normal, or Gaussian, distribution has a density function that is a symmetrical bell-shaped curve. It is one of the most important distributions in statistics. Use the [normality] tag for asking ab…
ANOVA stands for ANalysis Of VAriance, a statistical model and set of procedures for comparing multiple group means. The independent variables in an ANOVA model are categorical, but an ANOVA table can…
Regression that includes two or more non-constant independent variables.
Mixed (aka multilevel or hierarchical) models are linear models that include both fixed effects and random effects. They are used to model longitudinal or nested data.
the task of partitioning data into subsets of objects according to their mutual "similarity," without using preexisting knowledge such as class labels. [Clustered-standard-errors a…
an interval that covers an unknown parameter with $(1-\alpha)\%$ confidence. Confidence intervals are a frequentist concept. They are often confused with credible intervals wh…
A generalization of linear regression allowing for nonlinear relationships via a "link function" and for the variance of the response to depend on the predicted value. (Not to be confused with "genera…
The expected squared deviation of a random variable from its mean; or, the average squared deviation of data about their mean.
Categorical (also called nominal) data can take on a limited number of possible values called categories. Categorical values "label", they do not "measure". Please use [ordinal-data] tag for discrete …
a special case of [prediction], in the context of [time-series].
a linear dimensionality reduction technique. It reduces a multivariate dataset to a smaller set of constructed variables preserving as much information (as much v…
a general purpose programming language designed for ease of use. It is a commonly used platform for machine learning. Use this tag for any *on-topic* question that (a) involves `Python` eith…
too general; please provide a more specific tag. For questions about the properties of specific estimators, use [estimators] tag instead.
Repeatedly withholding subsets of the data during model fitting in order to quantify the model performance on the withheld data subsets.
A test for comparing the means of two samples, or the mean of one sample (or even parameter estimates) with a specified value; also known as the "Student t-test" after the pseudonym of its inventor.
Constructing meaningful and useful graphical representations of data. (If your question is only about how to get particular software to produce a specific effect, then it is likely not on topic here.)
An area of machine learning concerned with learning hierarchical representations of the data, mainly done with deep neural networks.
a method of estimating parameters of a statistical model by choosing the parameter value that optimizes the probability of observing the given sample.
Creating samples from a well-specified population using a probabilistic method and/or producing random numbers from a specified distribution. As this tag is ambiguous, please consider [survey-sampling…
A test (typically of distribution, independence, or goodness of fit) or a family of distributions related to such a test.