A topic model is a type of statistical model for discovering the abstract "topics" that occur in a collection of documents.

A topic model is a type of statistical model for discovering the abstract "topics" that occur in a collection of documents. Intuitively, given that a document is about a particular topic, one would expect particular words to appear in the document more or less frequently: "dog" and "bone" will appear more often in documents about dogs, "cat" and "meow" will appear in documents about cats (source:wikipedia)

Software for topic modelling include