Wilcoxon signed-rank test is a non-parametric rank test to compare two paired samples, whether values in one are bigger than in the other. Can also be used to compare one sample to a fixed value. [The test NOT to be confused with the `sign-test`].

Differences between the two variables are ranked. The null hypothesis is that the mean of these ranks is zero, which implies that the distribution of differences in the population is symmetric about zero. Alternative hypothesis is that it is not so, and thus values in one of the variables tend to be higher.