I have a normal random variable $X$ with mean $\mu$ and variance $\sigma^2$. Any advice on how to compute the conditional expectation $E[\frac{1}{X}|X \leq T]$ where $T$ is a positive constant?

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    $\begingroup$ this link looks relevant. stats.stackexchange.com/questions/70045/… $\endgroup$ – mlofton Aug 14 at 4:56
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    $\begingroup$ As with the link above, the expectation will not converge, given the 1/X and the domain of support including 0. $\endgroup$ – wolfies Aug 14 at 6:52
  • $\begingroup$ Because this conditional variable has positive continuous density in a neighborhood of zero, stats.stackexchange.com/questions/299722 demonstrates the expectation does not exist. $\endgroup$ – whuber Aug 14 at 13:02
  • $\begingroup$ @whuber Yes, I saw some of those links before, but if the mean is sufficiently large, would that make it okay? Would simulation be the best way to approximate this? $\endgroup$ – dotpixel Aug 14 at 16:49
  • $\begingroup$ No, it doesn't help. My analysis (in one of those answers) shows the result has nothing to do with the mean. It's all about the fact that there's sufficient probability for $X$ to be close enough to zero that no expectation can exist. This will be true of any Normal distribution (although, to be sure, as a practical matter that probability may be negligible: but that's a different question). $\endgroup$ – whuber Aug 14 at 18:57

Comment: Simulation for $T = 10,$ which avoids taking reciprocals of values anywhere near $0.$ Then $E(\frac 1 X\, |\, X > 10) \approx 0.042.$ (As @Wolfies comments, this is a different problem.)

x = rnorm(10^6, 25, 5)
xc = x[x > 10]
[1] 998638
a = mean(1/xc); a
[1] 0.04174508
hist(1/xc, prob=T, col="skyblue2")
 abline(v=a, col="red")

enter image description here

Tangentially related application: Here

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    $\begingroup$ $X>T$ (for T positive) is not the same as $X < T$, when considering $\frac1X$ $\endgroup$ – wolfies Aug 14 at 7:07
  • $\begingroup$ Right: Should have noted explicitly that I was changing the rules to get an expectation that exists. Editing. $\endgroup$ – BruceET Aug 14 at 7:16

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