# Interpretation of Odds in Probit Regression

Logistic regression is concerned about modelling log-odds, i.e. logits. Hence, the odds of the computed probabilities can be interpreted accordingly. However, when estimating a probit model, one could also take the probabilities and compute odds. However, probit is not based on modeling odds but on the cdf of the standard normal.

So, does it make sense to compute these odds for probit models anyway? If yes, how can it be interpreted and what is exactly the difference in interpretation compared to odds in logistic regression?

## 1 Answer

The point of the odds ratio interpretation in logistic regression is that logistic regression is a linear model for the log odds of success. So a unit increase in an explanatory variable will result in increase or decrease of the predicted odds by a factor of $\exp(b)$, regardless of where on that explanatory variable you started or what the values of the other explanatory variables are (assuming you did not include interaction effects).

You can ofcourse compute odds ratios by converting the predicted probabilities of a probit model to odds and compute the ratio, but these odds ratios will change depending on whether you compared $x=4$ with $x=5$ or $x=40$ with $x=41$, and on the values of the other explanatory variables. So that is much less useful as a summary measure of the effect.

• Does this mean if I only look at odds, not odds ratio, they are meaningful for probit as well because in this case it depends on $x$ for logit and probit? – random_guy Feb 16 '15 at 15:08
• I don't understand that question. Do you mean that you want to look at the odds after estimating a probit model? In general, if you are interested in either odds or odds ratios forget about probit and stick to logit. As I said above, a logistic regression is designed for that purpose and a probit regression is not. – Maarten Buis Feb 17 '15 at 8:46