I have a group of patients who live in London. They come from the 33 London local authorities and I want to know whether there is any significant variation in where they live. In other words, I want to know whether more patients come from, say, Croydon than Islington.
I have performed a chi-squared test which comes out as statistically significant. However, this doesn't feel like the right approach because the expected values are the same for each local authority. I would have thought that the expecteds should be different because each authority has a different population size. I expect some authorities to produce more patients simply because more people live in them.
I also expect differences based on other factors, such as local clinician knowledge, ability of patients to access primary service and so on. My patient group are by no means a representative sample of the general population but I still expect there to be more from some local authority areas due to larger populations.
1. What's the best way of taking account of the differences in population size among the different districts?
- Should I be weighting the expected frequencies according to population - if so, how?