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I've been researching the use of Bayesian linear regression, but I've come to an example that I'm confused about.

Given the model:

$${\bf y} = {\bf \beta}{\bf X} + \bf{\epsilon} $$

Assuming that ${\bf \epsilon} \sim N(0, \phi I)$ and a $p(\beta, \phi) \propto \frac{1}{\phi}$,

How is $p(\beta|\phi, {\bf y})$ reached?

Where: $p(\beta|\phi, {\bf y}) \sim N({\bf X}^{\text{T}}{\bf X})^{-1}{\bf X}^{\text{T}}{\bf y}, \phi ({\bf X}^{\text{T}}{\bf X})^{-1})$.

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Your final formula is missing a left parenthesis.

This is a standard problem that requires no difficult work. The wikipedia page on Bayesian regression solves a harder problem; you should be able to use the same trick (which is basically just a form of completing the square, since you want it in terms of $(\beta - m)' V^{-1} (\beta - m)$ for some $m$ and $V$), with fewer terms to worry about. That is, you get to something like this:

\begin{align}(\mathbf{y}- \mathbf{X} \boldsymbol\beta)^{\rm T}(\mathbf{y}- \mathbf{X} \boldsymbol\beta)&= (\boldsymbol\beta - \hat{\boldsymbol\beta})^{\rm T}(\mathbf{X}^{\rm T}\mathbf{X})(\boldsymbol\beta - \hat{\boldsymbol\beta}) + \mathbf{S} \end{align}

where

\begin{align}\mathbf{S} = (\mathbf{y}- \mathbf{X} \hat{\boldsymbol\beta})^{\rm T}(\mathbf{y}- \mathbf{X} \hat{\boldsymbol\beta})\end{align}

in the exponent.

See also the references at the wikipedia article.

If this is for some subject, please mark it as homework.

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